These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'tectonic.' According to Montblanc, every watch with a manufacture movement is tested under conditions that emulate as closely as possible the environment that the watch will encounter when worn by its future owner.
The Order had been called by King Władysław I of Poland to help repel a Branbenburgian invasion, however, the Teutonic Knights themselves began to occupy the city and the region. Villeret only uses German silver to make their movements, it is chosen as the base material because this alloy is more durable than (commonly-used) brass and on oxidation it imparts a pleasing yellowish patina to the metal. The limited edition manufacture chronograph takes it design inspiration from the vintage 'tropical' dial chronographs and was introduced at the Goodwood Festival of Speed. In: Mørck, E./Swan, T./Jansen, O.J. This phase has been dated as early as the 4th century, though this is highly debated. In historical linguistics, the High German consonant shift or second Germanic consonant shift is a phonological development (sound change) that took place in the southern parts of the West Germanic dialect continuum in several phases. The sporty vintage-style watches now get some design tweaks include ceramic bezels, titanium cases and a limited edition split seconds chrono. Not only do the individual sound shifts within a phase vary in their distribution (phase 3, for example, partly affects the whole of Upper German and partly only the southernmost dialects within Upper German), but there are even slight variations from word to word in the distribution of the same consonant shift. Of the major players only Bremen and Hamburg refused to send forces, but contributed financially. Ernst Schwarz and others have suggested that the shift occurred in German as a result of contacts with Lombardic. Measuring the motion of tectonic plates is part of the science of geodesy. What made you want to look up tectonic? The Social Democrats' poor result in the Saarland disguises deeper changes. So he tried for gaining his brother-in-law Sigismund II Augustus of Poland and finally succeeded, including the then usual expenses. Tectonic shift is the movement of the plates that make up Earth’s crust. The American Historical Review, 49(1), 1-22. seized the port city of Danzig in November 1308, Henry II of Schauenburg and Holstein-Rendsburg, Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg, Frederick William, Duke of Prussia and Prince-elector of Brandenburg, Natalia Borzestowska and Waldemar Borzestowski, "Dlaczego zginął burmistrz", Evangelical Lutheran Church in Northern Germany, Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Poland, Evangelical State Church in Prussia (extinct), Post-WWII settlement of Poles and Ukrainians, County palatine of Cephalonia and Zakynthos, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=State_of_the_Teutonic_Order&oldid=981417202, States and territories established in 1230, States and territories disestablished in 1525, 1230s establishments in the Holy Roman Empire, 1520s disestablishments in the Holy Roman Empire, Articles with German-language sources (de), Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 October 2020, at 05:29. In 1225, Andrew II expelled the Teutonic Knights from Transylvania, and they had to transfer to the Baltic Sea.  The monastic state in the east was secularized in 1525 during the Protestant Reformation as the Duchy of Prussia, a Polish fief governed by the House of Hohenzollern. Under Cerrato, Montblanc’s integration of its Le Locle and Villeret is more seamless than it has ever been. “Minerva is a special story. The resulting language, Old High German, can be neatly contrasted with the other continental West Germanic languages, which for the most part did not experience the shift, and with Old English, which remained completely unaffected. If, in fact, there is a relationship here, the evidence of Lombardic would force us to conclude that the third phase must have begun by the late 6th century, rather earlier than most estimates, but this would not necessarily require that it had spread to German so early. For example, the Lombards settled in Tullner Feld — about 50 kilometres (31 mi) west of Vienna — until 568, but it is evident that not all Lombards went to Italy after that time; the rest seem to have become part of the then newly formed Bavarian groups. The Order, however, was soon defeated and, in reaction, Konrad called on the Pope for yet another crusade and for help from the Teutonic Knights. 125 Downloads; Part of the New Perspectives in German Studies book series (NPG) Abstract. However, the Prussians and Yotvingians in the south had their territory conquered.  While the Lübeckers provided the Order important logistic support with their ships, they were otherwise, with the exception of Elbing, rather uninvolved in the establishment of the Monastic State..
English has partially reversed this shift through the change /dər/ > /ðər/, for example in father, mother, gather and together. Is Germany becoming an “unstable” democracy, as some worry, or even entering a period reminiscent of the Weimar republic? The third phase, which had the most limited geographical range, saw the voiced plosives become voiceless. Seehofer and Orbán: pointing the way (Photo: Die Welt). The Teutonic navy ruled the Baltic Sea from bases in Prussia and Gotland, and the Prussian cities provided tax revenues sufficient to maintain a significant standing force composed of Teutonic Knights proper, their retinues, Prussian peasant levies, and German mercenaries. probably borrowed from German tektonisch "pertaining to broader structural features of the earth's crust," earlier "of building or construction," borrowed from Late Latin tectonicus "of a builder or architect," borrowed from Greek tektonikós "of a carpenter, skilled in carpentry or building," from tekton-, téktōn "woodworker, carpenter, craftsman" + -ikos -ic entry 1; téktōn going back to Indo-European *tetḱ-on- (whence also Sanskrit takṣan-, tákṣā "carpenter," Avestan tašan-, tašā "builder, creator"), n-stem derivative from a verbal base *tetḱ- "fashion, produce," whence Sanskrit tákṣati "(s/he) fashions, builds from wood," Avestan tāšt "(s/he) forms," Latvian tešu, tèst "to hew," Old Church Slavic tešǫ, tesati "to hew, fell," (with o-grade) Lithuanian tašýti "to hew".
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The State of the Teutonic Order (German: Staat des Deutschen Ordens; Latin: Civitas Ordinis Theutonici), also called Deutschordensstaat (German: [ˈdɔʏtʃ ɔɐdənsˌʃtaːt]) or Ordensstaat ([ˈɔɐdənsˌʃtaːt]) in German, was formed by the knights of the Teutonic Order during the 13th century Northern Crusades along the Baltic Sea. To explain this anomaly, Andrew Sihler (New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, 1995, p. 225) hypothesizes that téktōn is a conflation of a regular derivative *texōn and an unattested agentive derivative *téktōr, going back to *teks-tor-, (with cluster simplification as in hektós "sixth" corresponding to héx "six").
However, extant words in Lombardic show clear relations to the Bavarian language. Sometimes historical constellations help us; for example, the fact that Attila is called Etzel in German proves that the second phase must have been productive after the Hunnish invasion of the 5th century. This offer was speculative since Frederick William would have to commit to military support of the campaign, while the reward was conditional on achieving victory.
Montblanc’s watches go through a battery of tests before it leaves the Le Locle facility.  So when in 1388 Richard II finally reconfirmed the Hanseatic trade privileges, Prussia once again permitted merchant adventurers, granting permissions to remain; for this action they were renounced once again by the Grand Master Conrad of Jungingen in 1398. The shift /θ/ > /d/ was more successful; it spread all the way to the North Sea and affected Dutch as well as German. The two other changes did not reach any further than Limburgish (eastern dialects only) and some southern dialects of Low German: Other changes include a general tendency towards terminal devoicing in German and Dutch, and to a far more limited extent in English. Certain irregular variations between voiced and unvoiced consonants, especially, The sample texts have been copied over from, This page was last edited on 28 June 2020, at 22:14. Ripuarian has /j/ word-initially, e.g. The generally accepted boundary between Central and Low German, the maken–machen line, is sometimes called the Benrath line, as it passes through the Düsseldorf suburb of Benrath, while the main boundary between Central and Upper German, the Appel–Apfel line can be called the Speyer line, as it passes near the town of Speyer, some 200 kilometers further south. , The Second Peace of Thorn in October 1466 ended the war and provided for the Teutonic Order's cession of its rights over the western half of its territories to the Polish Kingdom, which became the Polish province of Royal Prussia and the remaining part of the Order's land became a fief and protectorate of Poland, considered part of one and indivisible Kingdom of Poland.
 Here, no fewer than eight isoglosses run roughly West to East and partially merge into a simpler system of boundaries in East Central German.  05/11/2011 10:46 AM EDT. occurring within the earth's crust and causing structural deformation (C17: from Late Latin tectonicus, from Greek tektonikos belonging to carpentry, from tekton a builder) As a general rule, Low German, Dutch, and German have all undergone final-obstruent devoicing so that the modern reflexes are all pronounced with final /t/ regardless of spelling. In the second phase, which was completed by the 8th century, the same sounds became affricates in three environments: in word-initial position; when geminated; and after a liquid (/l/ or /r/) or nasal (/m/ or /n/). The fact that many Latin loan-words are shifted in German (e.g., Latin strata > German Straße), while others are not (e.g., Latin poena > German Pein) allows us to date the sound changes before or after the likely period of borrowing.
West Germanic *ƀ (presumably pronounced [β]), which was an allophone of /b/ used in medial position, shifted to (Upper German) Old High German /b/ between two vowels, and also after /l/. The Knights began the Prussian Crusade in 1230. Earth’s land masses move toward and away from each other at an average rate of about 0.6 inch a year.
The sound [ð] then became /d/, while [θ] became /t/. The resulting language, Old High German, can be neatly contrasted with the other continental West Ger… These became geminated (long) fricatives, except in word-final position where they were shortened and merged with the existing single consonants. Many analysts now say that the SPD is no longer a people's party, given that its national support stands at around 25%. In those words in which an Indo-European voiceless plosive became voiced as a result of Verner's law, phase three of the High German shift returns this to its original value (*t > d > t): The combination -nd- was shifted to -nt- only in some varieties of OHG.
He has threatened to defect to the new party unless Mr Schröder resigns and scraps his reforms. Alternative chronologies have been proposed. The White House corrects its transcript of Obama's remarks in Austin last night: Unlike in English, German, Latin or Lithuanian language Polish uses the term Pomorze for Pomerania (since 1181 a fief within the Holy Roman Empire) and Pomerelia alike.
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